Spin transport in non-magnetic nano-structures induced by non-local spin injection

Hiroshi Idzuchi, Yasuhiro Fukuma, Yoshichika Otani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


We review our recent achievements on optimization of spin injection from ferromagnetic into non-magnetic metals and characterization of spin transport properties in the non-magnetic nano-structures. We have realized the efficient spin injection by solving spin resistance mismatch problem in spin diffusion process across the interface between ferromagnetic and nonmagnetic metals. We analyzed temperature dependent spin relaxation length and time in Ag within the framework of the Elliot-Yafet mechanism based on spin-orbit interaction and momentum relaxation. The spin relaxation length in a light metal Mg is found comparable to that of Ag due to its peculiar electronic band structure in which so called spin-hotspots dramatically enhance spin relaxation. Spin relaxation properties in various metals are also quantitatively discussed. We employed commonly used Hanle effect measurements to characterize spin relaxation of spin current and reexamined both theoretically and experimentally the effect of spin absorption at the interface. The affected spatial profile of chemical potential due to the longitudinal and transverse spin absorption results in the broadened Hanle curve. All the Hanle curves both in metallic and semi-conductive materials including graphene fall into the universal scaling plot. Anatomy of spin injection properties of the junction and spin transport properties in non-magnetic metal is shown in tables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-263
Number of pages25
JournalPhysica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr
Externally publishedYes


  • Hanle curve analysis
  • Spin injection
  • Spin orbit interaction
  • Spin relaxation
  • Spintronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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