Spin-flip mechanism in Ag nanowires with MgO surface protection layers has been investigated by nonlocal spin injection using permalloy/Ag lateral spin valves. The spin flip events mediated by surface scattering are effectively suppressed by the MgO capping layer. The spin relaxation process was found to be well described in the framework of Elliott-Yafet mechanism (R. J. Elliott, Phys. Rev. 96, 266 (1954); Y. Yafet, in Solid State Physics, edited by F. Seitz and D. Turnbull (Academic, New York, 1963), pp. 1-98) and then the probabilities of spin-filp scattering for phonon or impurity mediated momentum scattering is precisely determined in the nanowires. The temperature dependent spin-lattice relaxation follows the Bloch-Grüneisen theory (V. F. Bloch, Z. Phys. 59, 208 (1930); V. E. Grüneisen, Ann. Phys. 5, 530 (1933)) and falls on to a universal curve of Ag as in the conduction-electron-spin resonance data for bulk.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)