Using an acceptor-doped poly(N-vinylcarbazole) film, the magnetic field effect (MFE) on the generation efficiency of photoinduced charge was measured under various electric fields in order to clarify how the applied electric field affects the elementary processes in the photocarrier generation in photoconductive polymeric molecular solids. The external magnetic field influenced the electron spin dynamics among the geminate electron-hole pairs within a scale of a few nanometers and decreased the photocarrier generation efficiency. The observed MFE due to a hyperfine mechanism was almost independent of the electric field. By employing the stochastic Liouville equations based on a one-dimensional lattice model, we performed some model calculations for the dissociation, hopping, and recombination rate dependence of MFE on the generation efficiency. From a comparison between the observed and calculated MFE, it was concluded that the electric field affects the dissociation more than the hopping and the recombination. This coincides with the concepts in the Onsager model that is used to analyze the electric field dependence of carrier generation efficiency so far. The one-dimensional lattice model is a proper model for the carrier generation in polymeric molecular solids, which is qualitatively consistent with the Onsager model except for the long-range hole jump.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry