Spherical activated carbons for the adsorption of a real multicomponent VOC mixture

M. Ouzzine, A. J. Romero-Anaya, M. A. Lillo-Ródenas, A. Linares-Solano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this work is to study the adsorption of a multicomponent gaseous mixture (acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, 2-propenal, 1,3-butadiene and benzene) in which the components are present at different concentration on spherical activated carbons (SACs). Attention is paid to the influence of the carbons’ properties on such adsorption, especially their porosities and distributions. For this purpose, a series of spherical activated carbons were prepared by physical activation with CO 2 of a commercial spherical carbon. Their physico-chemical properties were characterized by N 2 and CO 2 isotherms, temperature programmed desorption and scanning electron microscopy. Measurements of the adsorption of the volatile organic compounds (VOC) mixture on SACs were performed in a flow-typed fixed bed system at room temperature under atmospheric pressure. Regarding porosity, our results show that, for this particular mixture, SACs with narrow micropore size distribution and moderate porous texture development (surface area in the range of 1000 m 2 /g or even lower) exhibit higher multicomponent adsorption capacities than others with much larger porosities. This can be explained considering that the VOC present in larger concentration in the mixture, aldehydes, present low adsorption affinities and their adsorption is enhanced in adsorbents with narrow micropore size distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-223
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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