Speech enhancement based on short-time spectral amplitude estimation with two-channel beamformer

Hack Yoon Kim, Futoshi Asano, Yôiti Suzuki, Toshio Sone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a new spectral subtraction technique with two microphone inputs is proposed. In conventional spectral subtraction using a single microphone, the averaged noise spectrum is subtracted from the observed short-time input spectrum. This results in reduction of mean value of noise spectrum only, the component varying around the mean value remaining intact. In the method proposed in this paper, the short-time noise spectrum excluding the speech component is estimated by introducing the blocking matrix used in the Griffiths-Jim-type adaptive beamformer with two microphone inputs, combined with the spectral compensation technique. By subtracting the estimated short-time noise spectrum from the input spectrum, not only the mean value of the noise spectrum but also the component varying around the mean value can be reduced. This method can be interpreted as a "partial" construction of the adaptive beamformer where only the amplitude of the short-time noise spectrum is estimated, while the adaptive beamformer is equivalent to the estimator of the complex short-time noise spectrum. By limiting the estimation to the amplitude spectrum, the proposed system achieves better performance than the adaptive beamformer in the case when the number of sound sources exceeds the number of microphones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2151-2158
Number of pages8
JournalIEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
VolumeE79-A
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Short-time spectral amplitude
  • Spectral subtraction
  • Speech enhancement
  • Transfer function
  • Two channel beamformer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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