Spectroscopic evidence of the existence of substantial Ca3d derived states at the Fermi level in the Ca-intercalated graphite superconductor CaC6

H. Okazaki, R. Yoshida, K. Iwai, K. Noami, T. Muro, T. Nakamura, T. Wakita, Y. Muraoka, M. Hirai, F. Tomioka, Y. Takano, A. Takenaka, M. Toyoda, T. Oguchi, T. Yokoya

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    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We have performed soft x-ray photoemission studies of Ca-intercalated graphite superconductor CaC6 (Tc =11.2K). The valence-band spectrum shows six main structures, with a peak at the Fermi level (EF), which correspond to those of calculated DOS. The intensity of the EF peak is resonantly enhanced at the Ca2p-3d threshold, providing spectroscopic evidence for the existence of Ca3d electrons at EF, which is confirmed experimentally for the first time. The Ca2p core-level spectrum has a very large asymmetric line shape, which is further possible suggestion of the existence of Ca3d derived conduction electrons at Ca sites. These results strongly support the picture where Ca3d derived interlayer band plays a crucial role for the superconductivity of this material with relatively high Tc.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number035420
    JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
    Volume80
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug 6

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics

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