Spectroscopic and crystallographic anomalies of (Co1-xZnx)Al2O4 spinel oxide

Takayuki Nakane, Takashi Naka, Koichi Sato, Minori Taguchi, Minako Nakayama, Tadashi Mitsui, Akiyuki Matsushita, Toyohiro Chikyow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This work investigates the spectroscopic properties of (Co1-xZnx)Al2O4 with a range of x of 0 ≤ x ≤ 1. Spectroscopic and crystallographic evaluations using XRD, Raman, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy reveal that Zn2+ substitution systematically changes the lattice constant, which mainly depends on the Co-O bonds, and the related optical characteristics of this material. The x dependence of these properties shows two trends, and the mutation point seems to be at x ≈ 0.5. This implies that the electronic structure of (Co1-xZnx)Al2O4 is not changed monotonically by Zn2+ substitution. Interestingly, some of the optical phenomena observed in this study become prominent for samples with x ≥ 0.5. That is, we observed sideband peaks near the main peaks in the Raman spectra, and their relative intensities systematically and significantly increased with increasing Zn2+ substitution. The rates of increase are not constant, and are fast for samples with x ≥ 0.5. The sideband peaks are considered to reflect the unique changes in the local electronic structure of (Co1-xZnx)Al2O4, and they are useful for evaluating the substitution level without the influence of the site change phenomenon. Thus, clarifying them is expected to be important for understanding and controlling the electronic structure of the spinel oxide. On the other hand, investigation of the visible light absorption due to the d-d transition of Co2+ reveals that the efficiency is also high for samples with high Zn2+ substitution (x ≥ 0.5). This is also considered to be valuable information for investigation of the optical properties and/or the catalytic function of the spinel oxide. Moreover, the fluorescence of the (Co1-xZnx)Al2O4 samples is also identified as a novel functional property of this material. The intensity of the fluorescence peak also dramatically increases for samples with x ≥ 0.7. The effect of Zn2+ substitution on the local electronic structure of (Co1-xZnx)Al2O4 has not been clarified yet. However, some of the interesting characteristics reviewed in this study are worth investigating from the viewpoint of materials science and applications. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)997-1008
Number of pages12
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 24
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry


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