Easy-to-fabricate, high-temperature, thermally-stable radiators are critical elements for developing e cient and sustainable thermophotovoltaic energy conversion devices. In this frame, a trilayer-on-substrate structure is selected. It is composed of a refractory metal - molybdenum - constituting the substrate and an intermediate thin film sandwiched between two hafnia transparent layers. An in-depth analysis shows that two spectrally distinct interference regimes take place in the hafnia layer-molybdenum thin film substructure, and that backward and forward thermally-emitted waves by the thin film are selected in two distinct interferential resonating cavities. The interference regimes within and between these cavities are key to the spectral shaping of thermal emission. The radiative performances of the structures are evaluated by introducing a figure of merit. Using the example of a GaSb cell, it is shown that the structure can be optimized for providing the broadband large emission with a steep cuto required for mitigating photoconversion losses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics