Objective. The expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) specimens obtained arthroscopically from diseased TMJs was investigated by using immunohistochemistry and compared with clinical, arthroscopic, and histologic findings. Study design. Synovial biopsies were obtained arthroscopically from 18 TMJs in 15 patients with symptomatic internal derangement (ID) or osteoarthritis (OA). We also obtained arthroscopic biopsies from 8 control TMJs (3 with habitual luxation of the mandible, one with ID with clicking, and 4 with mandibular condyle fractures). The expression of iNOS was examined by immunohistochemistry and was compared with clinical, arthroscopic, and histologic findings. Results. Definite or intense iNOS immunoreactivity was observed in both the synovial lining cells and the endothelial cells of TMJs with symptomatic ID or OA. Weaker immunoreactivity was present in synovial fibroblasts. In contrast, in TMJs without synovitis (eg, those with habitual luxation of the mandible) the expression of iNOS was weak or marginal. The expression of iNOS correlated significantly with arthroscopic evidence of synovitis (r = 0.406, P < .05) but not with cartilaginous degeneration (P > .05). The expression of iNOS also correlated with the histologic grade of the synovial lining cell layers (r = 0.530, P < .05). However, in patients with ID or OA of the TMJ, there was no statistically significant correlation between the intensity of iNOS immunoreactivity and clinical, arthroscopic, or histologic findings (P > .05). Conclusion: These data clearly suggest that nitric oxide is locally produced in the synovial lining of the TMJ in ID and OA.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics|
|Publication status||Published - 2003 Feb|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery