Induction by low temperature is a common feature of the lip19 subfamily members of the basic region leucine zipper gene family in plants. Here, we characterize two tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) genes, tbzF and tbz17, belonging to the lip19 subfamily, whose gene products, TBZF and TBZ17, show 73% identity and are located in nuclei. They preferentially bind to DNA fragments spanning A-box/G-box and C-box/G-box hybrid motifs and show transactivation activity in cobombarded tobacco BY-2 cells, indicating they function as transcriptional activators. Transcripts of tbzF were detected at a high level in senescing leaves and flowers. In contrast, tbz17 transcripts could be shown to accumulate in aged leaves but not in flowers. In situ hybridization analysis revealed transcripts of tbzF and tbz17 to be predominantly located in guard cells and vascular tissues of senescing leaves. These results suggest that TBZF and TBZ17 are both involved in controlling gene transcription related to functions of guard cells in senescing leaves and that TBZF bifunctionally acts in floral development.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science