Currently, further clarification of pre-breakdown phenomena in water such as propagation mechanisms of primary and secondary streamers are needed because applications of aqueous plasma to environmental and medical treatments are increasing. In this study, a series of primary streamer propagations in ultrapure water was visualized at 100-Mega frames per second (100 Mfps) in the range of 400 μm square using an ultra high-speed camera with a microscope lens when a single-shot pulsed positive voltage was applied to a needle electrode placed in a quartz cell. Every observation was synchronized with the waveforms of the applied voltage and the discharge current. The primary streamer, having many filamentary channels, started to propagate semi-spherically with a velocity of about 2 km/s when the pulsed currents occurred. Although most filamentary channels disappeared 400 ns after the beginning of the primary streamer, a few of them continued propagating with almost the same velocity (about 2 km/s) as long as the repetitive pulsed currents flowed. Shock waves were iteratively generated and streamer channels were formed while the repetitive pulsed currents were flowing. Thus, we concluded that the positive primary streamer in water propagates progressively with each repetitive pulsed current.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)