Spatial variation of stress orientations in NE Japan revealed by dense seismic observations

Keisuke Yoshida, Akira Hasegawa, Tomomi Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to investigate the spatial distribution of the crustal stress state across NE Japan, we determined 1370 focal mechanisms by picking P-wave polarities from seismograms observed by temporary and permanent seismic networks densely deployed in this area. We applied stress tensor inversions to these data, plus to those routinely determined. The results show that the stress state in NE Japan is heterogeneous in space, which is different from previous results that showed that the NE Japan arc is characterized by margin normal compression. The orientations of the maximum compressional stress (σ1.) axes are significantly different with 95% confidence limits between the arc-backarc region and the forearc region. The arc-backarc region is characterized by spatially uniform margin normal compression. However, the north and south parts of the forearc region have the σ1 axis oriented nearly N-S and vertical, respectively. The region in between has a similar stress orientation to the arc-backarc region. Moreover, the stress regime in the arc-backarc region varies spatially in response to change in the surface altitude. Beneath regions of relatively low altitudes, a reverse faulting stress regime is dominant. However, regions of higher altitudes are characterized by a strike-slip faulting stress regime. Numerical model calculations, in which gravitational and buoyancy forces caused by topography are incorporated, show that differential stresses of about 15-25. MPa are needed to explain the lateral variation of the stress regime observed in the arc-backarc region. This suggests that the background deviatoric stress magnitude in NE Japan is very low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-72
Number of pages10
JournalTectonophysics
Volume647
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 19

Keywords

  • Focal mechanism
  • NE Japan
  • Stress field
  • Stress magnitude
  • Stress tensor inversion
  • Topography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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