Spatial Autocorrelation Analysis Using MIG-seq Data Indirectly Estimated the Gamete and Larval Dispersal Range of the Blue Coral, Heliopora coerulea, Within Reefs

Daniel Frikli Mokodongan, Hiroki Taninaka, La Sara, Taisei Kikuchi, Hideaki Yuasa, Yoshihisa Suyama, Nina Yasuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Spatial autocorrelation analysis is a well-established technique for detecting spatial structures and patterns in ecology. However, compared to inter-population genetic structure, much less studies examined spatial genetic structure (SGS) within a population by means of spatial autocorrelation analysis. More SGS analysis that compares the robustness of genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and traditional population genetic markers in detecting SGS, and direct comparison between the estimated dispersal range based on SGS and the larval dispersal range of corals directly surveyed in the field would be important. In this study, we examined the SGS of a reef-building coral species, Heliopora coerulea, in two different reefs (Shiraho and Akaishi) using genome-wide SNPs derived from Multiplexed inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) genotyping by sequencing (MIG-seq) analysis and nine microsatellite loci for comparison. Microsatellite data failed to reveal significant spatial patterns when using the same number of samples as MIG-seq, whereas MIG-seq analysis revealed significant spatial autocorrelation patterns up to 750 m in both Shiraho and Akaishi reefs based on the maximum significant distance method. However, detailed spatial genetic analysis using fine-scale distance classes (25–200 m) found an x-intercept of 255–392 m in Shiraho and that of 258–330 m in Akaishi reef. The latter results agreed well with a previously reported direct field observation of larval dispersal, indicating that the larvae of H. coerulea settled within a 350 m range in Shiraho reef within one generation. Overall, our results empirically demonstrate that the x-intercept of the spatial correlogram agrees well with the larval dispersal distance that is most frequently found in field observations, and they would be useful for deciding effective conservation management units for maintenance and/or recovery within an ecological time scale.

Original languageEnglish
Article number702977
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 20

Keywords

  • coral reefs
  • larval dispersal
  • MIG-seq
  • reef-building coral
  • spatial autocorrelation analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Ocean Engineering

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