Antenna diversity is an effective technique for improving the transmission performance in a multi-path fading channel. Recently, transmit diversity has been attracting much attention since it can alleviate the complexity problem of the mobile terminals. Joint transmit diversity/receive diversity achieves a much improved transmission performance. In this paper, we propose a new space-time block coding algorithm for joint transmit/receive diversity, which requires the channel state information (CSI) only at the transmitter side. Unlike the conventional space-time transmit diversity (STTD), the space-time block coded joint transmit/receive diversity (STBC-JTRD) can use arbitrary number of transmit antennas, while the number of receive antennas is limited to 4. STBC-JTRD achieves a larger diversity gain than joint STTD/receive antenna diversity. The bit error rate (BER) analysis in a frequency-nonselective Rayleigh fading channel is presented. The BER performance is evaluated and is confirmed by the computer simulation.
- Antenna diversity
- Space-time block coding
- Time-division duplex
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering