Some characterizations of parallel hyperplanes in multi-layered heat conductors

Shigeru Sakaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We consider the Cauchy problem for the heat diffusion equation in the whole space consisting of three layers with different constant conductivities, where initially the upper and middle layers have temperature 0 and the lower layer has temperature 1. Under some appropriate conditions, it is shown that, if either the interface between the lower layer and the middle layer is a stationary isothermic surface or there is a stationary isothermic surface in the middle layer near the lower layer, then the two interfaces must be parallel hyperplanes. Similar propositions hold true, either if a stationary isothermic surface is replaced by a surface with the constant flow property or if the Cauchy problem is replaced by an appropriate initial-boundary value problem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-210
Number of pages26
JournalJournal des Mathematiques Pures et Appliquees
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug


  • Constant flow property
  • Heat diffusion equation
  • Multi-layered heat conductors
  • Stationary isothermic surface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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