Soluble sperm extract specifically recapitulates the initial phase of the Ca2+ response in the fertilized oocyte of P. occelata following a G-protein/PLCβ signaling pathway

Takeshi Nakano, Keiichiro Kyozuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Matured oocytes of the annelidan worm Pseudopotamilla occelata are fertilized at the first metaphase of the meiotic division. During the activation by fertilizing spermatozoa, the mature oocyte shows a two-step intracellular Ca2+ increase. Whereas the first Ca2+ increase is localized and appears to utilize the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-sensitive Ca2+ stores, the second Ca2+ increase is global and involves Ca2+ influx via voltage-gated Ca2+ channels on the entire surface of the oocyte. To study how sperm trigger the Ca2+ increases during fertilization, we prepared soluble sperm extract (SE) and examined its ability to induce Ca2+ increases in the oocyte. The SE could evoke a Ca2+ increase in the oocyte when it was added to the medium, but not when it was delivered by microinjection. However, the second-step Ca2+ increase leading to the resumption of meiosis did not follow in these eggs. Local application of SE induced a non-propagating Ca2+ increase and formed a cytoplasmic protrusion that was similar to that created by the fertilizing sperm at the first stage of the Ca2+ response, important for sperm incorporation into the oocyte. Our results suggest that the fertilizing spermatozoon may trigger the first-step Ca2+ increase before it fuses with the oocyte in a pathway that involves the G-protein-coupled receptor and phospholipase C. Thus, the first phase of the Ca2+ response in the fertilized egg of this species is independent of the second phase of the Ca2+ increase for egg activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)821-835
Number of pages15
JournalZygote
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Annelida oocyte
  • Ca function
  • Ca increase
  • Egg activation
  • Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP)
  • Sperm extract

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Soluble sperm extract specifically recapitulates the initial phase of the Ca<sup>2+</sup> response in the fertilized oocyte of P. occelata following a G-protein/PLCβ signaling pathway'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this