Solid solution alloy nanoparticles of immiscible Pd and Ru elements neighboring on Rh: Changeover of the thermodynamic behavior for hydrogen storage and enhanced co-oxidizing ability

Kohei Kusada, Hirokazu Kobayashi, Ryuichi Ikeda, Yoshiki Kubota, Masaki Takata, Shoichi Toh, Tomokazu Yamamoto, Syo Matsumura, Naoya Sumi, Katsutoshi Sato, Katsutoshi Nagaoka, Hiroshi Kitagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

139 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PdxRu1-x solid solution alloy nanoparticles were successfully synthesized over the whole composition range through a chemical reduction method, although Ru and Pd are immiscible at the atomic level in the bulk state. From the XRD measurement, it was found that the dominant structure of PdxRu1-x changes from fcc to hcp with increasing Ru content. The structures of PdxRu1-x nanoparticles in the Pd composition range of 30-70% consisted of both solid solution fcc and hcp structures, and both phases coexist in a single particle. In addition, the reaction of hydrogen with the PdxRu1-x nanoparticles changed from exothermic to endothermic as the Ru content increased. Furthermore, the prepared PdxRu1-x nanoparticles demonstrated enhanced CO-oxidizing catalytic activity; Pd0.5Ru0.5 nanoparticles exhibit the highest catalytic activity. This activity is much higher than that of the practically used CO-oxidizing catalyst Ru and that of the neighboring Rh, between Ru and Pd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1864-1871
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume136
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 5
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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