Solid solubility and transport properties of Ce1-xNdxO2-δ nanocrystalline solid solutions by a sol-gel route

Liping Li, Xiaomin Lin, Guangshe Li, Hiroshi Inomata

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39 Citations (Scopus)


Ce1-xNdxO2-δ (x = 0.05 to 0.55) nanocrystalline solid solutions were prepared by a sol-gel route. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that Ce1-xNdxO2-δ crystallized in a cubic fluorite structure. The lattice parameter for the solid solutions increased linearly with the dopant content. The solid solubility of Nd3+ in ceria lattice was determined to be about x = 0.40 in terms of the nearly constant lattice parameters at a dopant level larger than x = 0.40. First-order Raman spectra for Ce1-xNdxO2-δ at a lower dopant content exhibited one band associated with the F2g mode. At higher dopant contents, F2g mode became broadened and asymmetric, and a new broad band appeared at the higher frequency side of the F2g mode. This new band was assigned to the oxygen vacancies. The electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum for x = 0.05 showed the presence of O2- adsorbed on sample surface at g = 2.02 and 2.00 and of Ce3+ with a lower symmetry at g = 1.97 and 1.94. Further increasing dopant content led to the disappearance of the signals for O2-. Impedance spectra showed the bulk and grain boundary conduction in the solid solutions. The bulk conduction exhibited a conductivity maximum and an activation energy minimum with increasing dopant content. Ce0.80Nd0.20O2-δ was determined to give promising conduction properties such as a relatively high conductivity of σ700 °C = 2.44 × 10-2 S cm-1 and moderate activation energy of Ea = 0.802 eV. The variations of conductivity and activation energy were explained in terms of relative content of oxygen vacancies VÖ and defect associations (CeCe'VÖ)/(NdCe'VÖ).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3207-3213
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Nov

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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