Sodium transport system in plant cells

Toshio Yamaguchi, Shin Hamamoto, Nobuyuki Uozumi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since sodium, Na, is a non-essential element for the plant growth, the molecular mechanism of Na+ transport system in plants has remained elusive for the last two decades. The accumulation of Na+ in soil through irrigation for sustainable agricultural crop production, particularly in arid land, and by changes in environmental and climate conditions leads to the buildup of toxic level of salts in the soil. Since the latter half of the twentieth century, extensive molecular research has identified several classes of Na+ transporters that play major roles in the alleviation of ionic stress by excluding toxic Na+ from the cytosol or preventing Na+ transport to the photosynthetic organs, and also in osmotic stress by modulating intra/extracellular osmotic balance. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge of three major Na+ transporters, namely NHX, SOS1, and HKT transporters, including recently revealed characteristics of these transporters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number410
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume4
Issue numberOCT
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 17

Keywords

  • HKT transporters
  • NHX transporters
  • Plant
  • SOS1 transporters
  • Salt tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sodium transport system in plant cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this