Sodium current function in adult and aged canine atrial cells

Shigeo Baba, Wen Dun, Masanori Hirose, Penelope A. Boyden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The incidence of atrial fibrillation increases with age, but it is unknown whether there are changes in the intrinsic function of Na+ currents in cells of the aged atria. Thus, we studied right (RA) and left (LA) atrial cells from two groups of dogs, adult and aged (>8 yr), to determine the change in Na+ currents with age. In this study all dogs were in normal sinus rhythm. Whole cell voltage clamp techniques were used to compare the Na+ currents in the two cell groups. Immunocytochemical studies were completed for the Na+ channel protein Nav1.5 to determine whether there was structural remodeling of this protein with age. In cells from aged animals, we found that Na+ currents are similar to those we measured in adult atria. However, Na+ current (I Na) density of the aged atria differed depending on the atrial chamber with LA cell currents being larger than RA cell currents. Thus with age, the difference in INa density between atrial chambers remains. INa kinetic differences between aged and adult cells included a significant acceleration into the inactivated state and an enhanced use-dependent decrease in peak current in aged RA cells. Finally, there is no structural remodeling of the cardiac Na+ channel protein Na v1.5 in the aged atrial cell. In conclusion, with age there is no change in INa density, but there are subtle kinetic differences contributing to slight enhancement of use dependence. There is no structural remodeling of the fast Na+ current protein with age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H756-H761
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume291
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug 10

Keywords

  • Age
  • Arrhythmias
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Ion channels
  • Remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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