We herein report that sulfur and nitrogen co-doped hollow spherical carbon particles can be applied to oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalysts prepared by calcination of polydopamine (PDA) hollow particles. The hollow structure of PDA was formed by auto-oxidative interfacial polymerization of dopamine at the oil and water interface of emulsion microdroplets. The PDA was used as the nitrogen source as well as a platform for sulfur-doping. The obtained sulfur and nitrogen co-doped hollow particles showed a higher catalytic activity than that of nonsulfur-doped particles and nonhollow particles. The high ORR activity of the calcined S-doped PDA hollow particles could be attributed to the combination of nitrogen and sulfur active sites and the large surface areas owing to a hollow spherical structure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)