SN 2017czd: A Rapidly Evolving Supernova from a Weak Explosion of a Type IIb Supernova Progenitor

Tatsuya Nakaoka, Takashi J. Moriya, Masaomi Tanaka, Masayuki Yamanaka, Koji S. Kawabata, Keiichi Maeda, Miho Kawabata, Naoki Kawahara, Koichi Itagaki, Ryoma Ouchi, Sergei I. Blinnikov, Nozomu Tominaga, Makoto Uemura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


We present optical and near-infrared observations of the rapidly evolving supernova (SN) 2017czd that shows hydrogen features. The optical light curves exhibit a short plateau phase (∼13 days in the R-band) followed by a rapid decline by 4.5 mag ∼20 days after the plateau. The decline rate is larger than those of any standard SNe, and close to those of rapidly evolving transients. The peak absolute magnitude is -16.8 mag in the V band, which is within the observed range for SNe IIP and rapidly evolving transients. The spectra of SN 2017czd clearly show the hydrogen features and resemble those of SNe IIP at first. The Hα line, however, does not evolve much with time, and it becomes similar to those in SNe IIb at the decline phase. We calculate the synthetic light curves using a SN IIb progenitor that has 16 at the zero-age main sequence and evolves into a binary system. The model with a low explosion energy (5 ×1050 erg) and a low 56Ni mass () can reproduce the short plateau phase, as well as the sudden drop of the light curve, as observed in SN 2017czd. We conclude that SN 2017czd might be the first weak explosion identified from a SN IIb progenitor. We suggest that some rapidly evolving transients can be explained by such a weak progenitor explosion with a barely hydrogen-rich envelope.

Original languageEnglish
Article number76
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 10


  • supernovae: general
  • supernovae: individual (SN 2017czd)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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