Smoking cessation and subsequent risk of cancer: A pooled analysis of eight population-based cohort studies in Japan

for the Research Group for the Development and Evaluation of Cancer Prevention Strategies in Japan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Although East Asia is one of the largest tobacco-epidemic regions in the world, only a few prospective studies from Asia have investigated the impact of smoking and cessation of smoking on cancer. We aimed to assess the effect of cessation of smoking on the risk of cancer using eight population-based cohort studies in Japan. Methods We analyzed pooled data from eight population-based prospective cohort studies in Japan with more than 320,000 participants to assess the effect of smoking cessation on the risk of total cancers and smoking-related cancers. Results After adjustment for potential confounders, cancer risks in men with >21 years of smoking cessation before baseline were found to decrease to the same level as never smokers for total cancer (never smokers: reference; former smokers with ≥21 years since smoking cessation: HR, 1.01; 95%CI: 0.91, 1.11). Even men who are heavy smokers (more than 20 pack-years) reported a reduced risk of total cancer (never smokers: reference; former smokers with ≥21 years since smoking cessation: HR, 1.06; 95%CI: 0.92, 1.23). In women, the risk of total cancer did not differ from that of never smokers after 11 years of smoking cessation before baseline (never smokers: reference; former smokers with ≥11 years since smoking cessation: HR, 0.96; 95%CI: 0.74, 1.23). Conclusions Our study suggests that longer duration of smoking cessation may attenuate the risk of cancer in both men and women, and that even heavy smokers (more than 20 pack-years) were found to benefit from quitting smoking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-108
Number of pages11
JournalCancer Epidemiology
Volume51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec

Keywords

  • Cohort study
  • Japanese
  • Pooled analysis
  • Smoking cessation
  • Tobacco-related cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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