Smart integration and packaging of 2-D VCSEL's for high-speed parallel links

Hideo Kosaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reviews recent progress in the integration and packaging of two-dimensional (2-D) vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) arrays being developed for the use in high-speed parallel optical interconnections. It reviews the smart integration of VCSEL's with detecting, switching and latching functions through the integration of a VCSEL-thyristor and double-cavity phototransistor. It also describes self-alignment-packaging technologies for 2-D VCSEL module that can be used in high-density parallel links. Various system applications, such as a distributed fiber switch used to enable crossbar interconnections with address switching functions and hyper-parallel transmission using an image fiber, are also examined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-192
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Mar
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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