Small satellites with MEMS x-ray telescopes for x-ray astronomy and solar system exploration

Yuichiro Ezoe, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Satoshi Kasahara, Tomoki Kimura, Kumi Ishikawa, Masaki Fujimoto, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Hironori Sahara, Naoki Isobe, Hiroshi Nakajima, Takaya Ohashi, Haruki Nagata, Ryu Funase, Munetaka Ueno, Graziella Branduardi-Raymont

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)


Toward a new era of X-ray astronomy, next generation X-ray optics are indispensable. To meet a demand for telescopes lighter than the foil optics but with a better angular resolution less than 1 arcmin, we are developing micropore X-ray optics based on micromaching technologies. Using sidewalls of micropores through a thin silicon wafer, this type can be the lightest X-ray telescope ever achieved. Two new Japanese missions ORBIS and GEOX will carry this optics. ORBIS is a small X-ray astronomy mission to monitor supermassive blackholes, while GEO-X is a small exploration mission of the Earth's magnetosphere. Both missions need a ultra light-weight (<1 kg) telescope with moderately good angular resolution (<10 arcmin) at an extremely short focal length (<30 cm). We plan to demonstrate this optics in these two missions around 2020, aiming at future other astronomy and exploration missions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018
Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
EditorsShouleh Nikzad, Jan-Willem A. Den Herder, Kazuhiro Nakazawa
ISBN (Print)9781510619517
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - Austin, United States
Duration: 2018 Jun 102018 Jun 15

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • GEO-X
  • Micropore X-ray optics
  • Small satellites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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