In frustrated spinel oxide CoV2O4, the knowledge of orbital, lattice, and spin structures has been fragmentary thus far. To investigate the structural and magnetic phase transitions in CoV2O4, we performed high-resolution neutron powder diffraction, single crystal synchrotron radiation diffraction, and magnetization and specific heat measurements for high-quality samples. Extremely small crystal distortion from cubic to tetragonal phase (1-c/a<0.06%) was observed using the high-resolution neutron diffraction measurement below T∗∼95K, where a cusp was observed in the temperature dependence of magnetization. The single crystal diffraction experiment revealed that the structural phase transition accompanied by a change in the space group from I41/amd to I41/a occurred at T2=59K, where the phase transition was observed in the specific heat measurement. Crystal and magnetic structure analysis was carried out with the neutron data, and the results suggest that the magnetic phase transition from collinear to noncollinear magnetic ordering occurs at T∗ and the antiferro-orbital ordering occurs below T2. We discuss the observed small crystal distortion and orbital characteristics in the light of the boundary between localization and delocalization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics