Size dependence of the thermo-electrodynamics states of composite high-Tc superconductors and its effect on the current instability conditions

V. R. Romanovskii, K. Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of transverse geometries of the slab of composite high-Tc superconductors on their stable and unstable thermal and electrodynamics transient states in the incomplete and complete penetration modes during the current charging are discussed. The transient period when the electric field that is induced by the charged current becomes more homogeneous during the initial stage of the complete penetration mode in the sub-critical voltage range is studied. In the over-critical voltage range, the cross-section shape of the slab affects its stable and unstable temperature variation. As a result, the current instability condition is not identical for high-Tc superconducting composite tapes that have the same cross-sectional area with various shapes of the cross-section. The condition depends on their thickness: the less thickness, the more stable the current distribution in the composite superconductors with the same cross-sectional area. This feature is a result of the unavoidable reduction of the current-carrying capacity of a high-Tc superconducting composite by the temperature increase. This reduction is caused by the relevant temperature dependence of electrodynamics states of the composite. This temperature dependence happens even during a stable stage of the current charging. These mechanisms must be considered during experiments at which the critical or quenching currents are defined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-95
Number of pages8
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Volume450
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec 15

Keywords

  • Applied current
  • Composite superconductor
  • Current instability
  • Sweep rate
  • Temperature increase
  • Voltage-current characteristic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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