Sites of action of elevated CO2 on leaf development in rice: Discrimination between the effects of elevated CO2 and nitrogen deficiency

Koichi Tsutsumi, Masae Konno, Shin Ichi Miyazawa, Mitsue Miyao

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Elevated CO2 concentrations (eCO2) trigger various plant responses. Despite intensive studies of these responses, the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. In this work, we investigated when and how leaf physiology and anatomy are affected by eCO2 in rice plants. We analyzed the most recently fully expanded leaves that developed successively after transfer of the plant to eCO2. To discriminate between the effects of eCO2 and those of nitrogen deficiency, we used three different levels of N application. We found that a decline in the leaf soluble protein content (on a leaf area basis) at eCO2 was only observed under N deficiency. The length and width of the leaf blade were reduced by both eCO2 and N deficiency, whereas the blade thickness was increased by eCO2 but was not affected by N deficiency. The change in length by eCO2 became detectable in the secondly fully expanded leaf, and those in width and thickness in the thirdly fully expanded leaf, which were at the leaf developmental stages P4 and P3, respectively, at the onset of the eCO2 treatment. The decreased blade length at eCO 2 was associated with a decrease in the epidermal cell number on the adaxial side and a reduction in cell length on the abaxial side. The decreased width resulted from decreased numbers of small vascular bundles and epidermal cell files. The increased thickness was ascribed mainly to enhanced development of bundle sheath extensions at the ridges of vascular bundles. These observations enable us to identify the sites of action of eCO2 on rice leaf development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-268
Number of pages11
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb
Externally publishedYes


  • Elevated CO
  • Leaf anatomy
  • Leaf development
  • Nitrogen deficiency
  • Photosynthesis
  • Rice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology


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