Single-Pixel Scanning Near-Field Imaging With Subwavelength Resolution Using Sharp Focusing Mikaelian Lens

Wenyi Shao, Qiang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Obtaining sharp focusing with high resolution is of significant importance to microwave and millimeter-wave imaging and sensing. Here, we propose an all-dielectric surface focusing Mikaelian lens operating at the <inline-formula> <tex-math notation="LaTeX">$X$</tex-math> </inline-formula>-and Ka-band, respectively, with the high-resolution focusing of theoretical full-width half-maximum (FWHM) around 0.45<inline-formula> <tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\lambda $</tex-math> </inline-formula> for the single-pixel scanning microwave and millimeter-wave imaging. Benefitting from easily accessible 3-D printing, the designed lens prototype with perforation and infill structure can be fabricated at a very low cost. Moreover, numerical simulations and the spatial resolution imaging experimental results demonstrate that the proposed lens prototype exhibits excellent imaging performance with a subwavelength resolution of <inline-formula> <tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\sim$</tex-math> </inline-formula>0.5<inline-formula> <tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\lambda $</tex-math> </inline-formula> while maintaining broadband behavior, revealing great potential for high-resolution microwave and millimeter-wave imaging applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Focusing
  • Imaging
  • Lenses
  • Microwave imaging
  • Microwave oscillators
  • Mikaelian lens
  • millimeter-wave imaging
  • near-field imaging
  • Permittivity
  • Spatial resolution
  • subwavelength-focused

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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