A single molecular resistive (conductance) switch via control of anchoring positions was examined by using a molecule consisting of more than two same anchors. For this purpose, we adopted the covered quaterthiophene (QT)-based molecular wire junction. The QT-based wire consisted of two thiophene ring anchors on each side; thus, shift of anchors was potentially possible without a change in the binding modes and distortion of the intramolecular structure. We observed three distinct conductance states by using scanning tunneling microscope-based break junction technique. A detailed analysis of the experimental data and first-principles calculations revealed that the mechanism of the resistive switch could be explained by standard length dependence (exponential decay) of conductance. Here, the length is the distance between the anchoring points, i.e., length of the bridged π-conjugated backbone. Most importantly, this effective tunneling length was variable via only controlling the anchoring positions in the same molecule. Furthermore, we experimentally showed the possibility of a dynamic switch of anchoring positions by mechanical control. The results suggested a distinct strategy to design functional devices via contact engineering.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry