In this study, simultaneous separation and recovery of Cs(I) and Sr(II) from nitric acid solution was investigated using a silica-based hybrid adsorbent. The adsorbent was prepared by successive impregnation and fixing of two supramolecular recognition agents namely, 1,3-[(2,4-diethylheptylethoxy)oxy]-2,4-crown-6-Calix-arene(Calixarene-R14) and 4',4' (5")-di(tert-butylcyclohexano)-18-crown-6, onto a silica-based polymer support(SiO2-P). Uptake properties, characterization, equilibrium kinetics, and dynamic adsorption properties of Cs(I) and Sr(II) were then assessed. Distribution coefficients (Kd) higher than 102 cm3/g for Cs(I) and Sr(II) were obtained using 3 M HNO3 at 298 K, and the Kd values decreased with increasing temperature. Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium studies fitted well with pseudo-second-order model and Redlich–Peterson isotherm model, respectively. The constant total organic carbon values in the aqueous phase were obtained after adding 10−3 ∼ 4 M HNO3. Results of the dynamic adsorption/elution test indicated that Cs(I) and Sr(II) were efficiently and simultaneously captured and eluted even under a flow rate of 1.5 cm3/min.
- column separation
- high level liquid waste (HLLW)
- macroporous silica-based support
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering