Simultaneous measurement of parasympathetic reflex vasodilator and arterial blood pressure responses in the cat

Hiroshi Izumi, Kentaro Mizuta, Satoshi Kuchiiwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We measured the changes in lower lip blood flow and systemic arterial blood pressure evoked by lingual nerve or trigeminal spinal nucleus (Vsp) stimulation to gain an insight into the brainstem integration of sympathetic and parasympathetic responses to nociceptive stimulation. We used artificially ventilated, cervically vago-sympathectomized cats deeply anesthetized with α-chloralose and urethane. A lip blood flow increase occurred in an intensity- and frequency-dependent manner following electrical stimulation of Vsp or lingual nerve regardless of whether systemic arterial blood pressure increased or decreased. In contrast, there was no apparent optimal frequency for the changes in systemic arterial blood pressure elicited by electrical stimulation of Vsp or lingual nerve. No relationship was found between the amplitude of the lip blood flow increase and that of the systemic arterial blood pressure change. Microinjection of lidocaine or kainic acid into the Vsp evoked, respectively, reversible and irreversible inhibition of the lip blood flow increase and systemic arterial blood pressure change evoked by lingual nerve stimulation. When microinjected unilaterally directly into the ipsilateral Vsp, the GABA agonist muscimol abolished both lingual nerve-evoked effects (increase in lip blood flow and changes in systemic arterial blood pressure) without changing basal systemic arterial blood pressure, suggesting the presence in the Vsp of GABA receptors serving to modulate both the parasympathetically mediated lip blood flow increase and the sympathetically mediated systemic arterial blood pressure change. Lidocaine microinjection into the salivatory nucleus caused a significant attenuation of the lingual nerve-induced blood flow increase, but had no effect on the lingual nerve-induced systemic arterial blood pressure change. Thus, the neural pathway mediating the lingual nerve-induced lip blood flow increase seems to be simple, requiring a minimum of four neurons: trigeminal afferent-Vsp-parasympathetic pre-ganglionic neurons with cell body located in the inferior salivatory nucleus-otic postganglionic neuron. On the other hand, the pathway underlying the evoked systemic arterial blood pressure changes, presumably mediated via altered sympathetic activity, seems to be more complicated and could be affected by more numerous factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalBrain research
Volume952
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Oct 11

Keywords

  • Arterial blood pressure
  • Autonomic reflex
  • Nociceptive trigeminal stimulation
  • Vasodilatation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Simultaneous measurement of parasympathetic reflex vasodilator and arterial blood pressure responses in the cat'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this