Simultaneous and different nucleation modes in undercooled Pd-Cu-Ni-P melts

N. Nishiyama, A. Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Both Pd40Cu30Ni10P20 alloys with a slightly off-eutectic composition and Pd42.5Cu30Ni7.5P20 alloys with a eutectic composition exhibit high glass-forming ability and a low critical cooling rate for glass formation of 0.100 and 0.067K/s, respectively. Due to the difference in the critical cooling rate, an incubation time for crystallization at 683K for the eutectic alloy is 2.5 times longer than that for the off-eutectic alloy. In order to clarify the reason for the difference, nucleation and crystal grain growth behaviors of the undercooled off-eutectic and eutectic melts were investigated. Nucleation frequency was evaluated as 3.00×1010nuclei/m3s for the off-eutectic alloy and 4.77×109nuclei/m3s for the eutectic alloy. In addition, it is found that the nucleation behavior changes from internal homogeneously dispersed mode to surface one. On the contrary, the crystal grain growth rates have almost the same value of about 3.20×10-7m/s for the crystallized phases in both alloys. Based on these results, the compositional effect on the stability of undercooled melt is discussed in the present study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-363
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Issue number1-2 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jul


  • Bulk metallic glass
  • Eutectic alloy
  • Glass forming ability
  • Nucleation and growth
  • Undercooled liquid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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