Simple mechanosense and response of cilia motion reveal the intrinsic habits of ciliates

Takuya Ohmura, Yukinori Nishigami, Atsushi Taniguchi, Shigenori Nonaka, Junichi Manabe, Takuji Ishikawa, Masatoshi Ichikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An important habit of ciliates, namely, their behavioral preference for walls, is revealed through experiments and hydrodynamic simulations. A simple mechanical response of individual ciliary beating (i.e., the beating is stalled by the cilium contacting a wall) can solely determine the sliding motion of the ciliate along the wall and result in a wall-preferring behavior. Considering ciliate ethology, this mechanosensing system is likely an advantage in the single cell’s ability to locate nutrition. In other words, ciliates can skillfully use both the sliding motion to feed on a surface and the traveling motion in bulk water to locate new surfaces according to the single “swimming” mission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3231-3236
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume115
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 27

Keywords

  • Ciliates
  • Mechanosense of cilia
  • Swimming motility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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