Silicon nanowhiskers grown on a hydrogen-terminated silicon 111 surface

N. Ozaki, Y. Ohno, S. Takeda

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139 Citations (Scopus)


Using a hydrogen-terminated Si 111 surface as a substrate, we have grown Si nanowhiskers along the 〈112〉 direction by the vapor-liquid-solid mechanism. The minimum silicon core diameter was 3 nm and the maximum length was about 2 μm. The minimum silicon core diameter is close to the critical value for visible light emission due to the quantum confinement effect. In contrast to an oxidized Si surface, the hydrogen-terminated surface facilitates the formation of small molten Au-Si catalysts at a lower temperature (500 °C) which is slightly above the eutectic temperature. The formation of catalysts and the subsequent growth at the low temperature yield thin Si nanowhiskers on a Si substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3700-3702
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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