Silicon Micromachined Fiber-Optic Accelerometer for Downhole Seismic Measurement

Kaoru Hirata, Hiroaki Niitsuma, Masayoshi Esashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fabrication and characterization of a fiber-optic micro accelerometer for downhole seismic measurement is described. This sensor consists of a Fabry-Perot interferometer using a half-mirror at the end of an optical fiber and a total reflection mirror on a silicon mass suspended with thin beams. When acceleration is applied to the sensor, the intensity of the reflected light is modulated interferometrically according to the displacement of the silicon mass. The sensor is fabricated by using silicon micromachining and hence is small sized (6.6 mm in diameter and 11 mm in height) and cost effective. By reason of the small size and the low cost, it is possible to install many sensors in a micro borehole. Since the sensor has not active devices like transistors, it can stand in harsh environment i.e. high temperature. The fabricated sensor has the frequency range from DC to 300 Hz, the maximum detectable acceleration of 0.27g and the dynamic range of 36 dB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)576-581
Number of pages6
JournalIEEJ Transactions on Sensors and Micromachines
Volume120
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Accelerometer
  • Downhole Seismic Measurement
  • Fabry-Perot Interferometer
  • Optical Fiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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