We fabricate CoFe/AlOx/CoFe/AlOx/CoFe ferromagnetic double tunnel junctions and observe spindependent tunneling phenomena. A middle CoFe layer becomes discontinuous by forming CoFe particles two dimensionally, of which the average diameter is evaluated to be 2.0-4.5 nm from cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy images. Below 50 K, a Coulomb gap is observed in current-voltage curves, and both magnetoresistance ratios and resistances are found to increase significantly with decreasing temperature. This indicates that a cotunneling process is dominant within the gap, which agrees very well with theoretical prediction [Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1758 (1998)].
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)