Significance of levels of IL-6 and IL-8 after trauma: A study of 11 cytokines post-mortem using multiplex immunoassay

S. Mimasaka, Masato Funayama, M. Hashiyada, M. Nata, S. Tsunenari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To identify cytokines useful for diagnosis of traumatic death. Methods: Post-mortem serum levels of 11 cytokines were assayed for 43 people who died of traumatic injury or from non-traumatic causes. Levels of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor, gamma interferon, interleukin IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-13, and tumour necrosis factor-alpha were measured using multiplex immunoassay. Results: Levels of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (p < 0.01), IL-6 (p < 0.001), and IL-8 (p < 0.01) among the traumatic group were significantly higher than those among the non-traumatic group. Anatomical trauma severity was also estimated using the total abbreviated injury scale and injury severity score, revealing significant positive correlations between the former and IL-6 (rs = 0.6523, p < 0.01) and IL-8 levels (rs = 0.6584, p < 0.01). Conclusions: Levels of IL-6 and IL-8 assist differentiation between traumatic and non-traumatic death, are useful objective indices of trauma severity and can support a diagnosis of traumatic death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1047-1051
Number of pages5
JournalInjury
Volume38
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep 1

Keywords

  • AIS
  • Cytokines
  • Forensic pathology
  • ISS
  • Multiplex immunoassay
  • Trauma severity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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