Signet ring cell gastric cancer occurring after radiation therapy for helicobacter pylori-uninfected mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma

Naoki Asano, Katsunori Iijima, Shiho Terai, Kaname Uno, Hiroyuki Endo, Tomoyuki Koike, Wataru Iwai, Toshimitsu Iwabuchi, Waku Hatta, Yasuhiko Abe, Akira Imatani, Tooru Shimosegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori infection is the major cause for mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma and gastric cancers. On the other hand, gastric cancers are known to arise from gastric mucosal atrophy. We here report a case of signet ring cell gastric cancer that developed after radiation therapy for MALT lymphoma in H. pylori-uninfected patient whose stomach did not show gastric mucosal atrophy. A 58-year-old female was referred to our hospital for treatment of gastric MALT lymphoma. This patient was not infected with H. pylori, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed that she did not have gastric mucosal atrophy but had submucosal tumor-like MALT lymphoma lesion in the anterior wall of the upper gastric body. Since conventional eradication therapy was ineffective, her whole stomach was irradiated as a second-line therapy. The MALT lymphoma lesion turned into complete remission state after the therapy. The patient was followed every 6 months by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for 4 years as complete remission until a newly developed decolorized depressed lesion was detected in the greater curvature of the proximal antrum, a completely different location from the MALT lymphoma lesion. A biopsy specimen from the lesion contained signet ring cell carcinoma, and she was successfully treated by endoscopic submucosal dissection. No signs of recurrence have been detected so far. The radiation therapy for MALT lymphoma might be associated with the occurrence of this signet ring cell gastric cancer, and since MALT lymphoma is indolent in nature, this case suggests that careful consideration is required when choosing the second-line therapy for MALT lymphoma patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-329
Number of pages5
JournalCase Reports in Gastroenterology
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May

Keywords

  • B-cell lymphoma
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Radiotherapy
  • Signet ring cell carcinoma
  • Stomach neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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