Sign of the spin-polarization in cobalt-iron nitride films determined by the anisotropic magnetoresistance effect

Keita Ito, Kazuki Kabara, Tatsunori Sanai, Kaoru Toko, Yoji Imai, Masakiyo Tsunoda, Takashi Suemasu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) properties in Fe 4N, Co3FeN and Co4N epitaxial thin films grown on SrTiO3(001) substrates using molecular beam epitaxy. A negative AMR effect was observed in the Fe4N and Co3FeN films below 300K. This behavior was attributed to the negative spin-polarizations of both the electrical conductivity and density of states at the Fermi level. The sign of the AMR ratio changed at ∼140K in the Co4N film and was negative below 140K. Diffraction lines corresponding to the (100) plane were clearly observed in the 2θχ (in-plane) x-ray diffraction patterns for the Fe4N and Co3FeN films but not for the Co4N film. This indicated that nitrogen atoms were present at the body center of each unit cell in the Fe4N and Co3FeN films, whereas they were lacking in the Co4N film. This assumption is discussed with energetic calculations using a spin density-functional theory.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053912
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume116
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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