Si photonic wire waveguide devices

Hirohito Yamada, Tao Chu, Satomi Ishida, Yasuhiko Arakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We fabricated various microscopic optical devices with Si photonic wire waveguides and demonstrated their fundamental characteristics. The bending loss of the waveguide was practically negligible when the bending radius of the waveguide exceeded 5 μm. Therefore, we can fabricate very compact optical devices with the waveguide. We demonstrated an optical directional coupler with the waveguide. The coupling length of the directional coupler was extremely small, several micrometers, because of strong optical coupling between the waveguide cores. We also demonstrated ultrasmall optical add/drop multiplexers (OADMs) with Bragg grating reflectors constructed from the waveguides. The dropping wavelength bandwidth of the OADM device was less than 2 nm and the dropping center wavelength could be tuned using thermooptic control with a microheater formed on the Bragg reflector. Using the Si photonic wire waveguide, we also demonstrated thermooptic switches by forming a microheater on a branch of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer made up of the waveguides. In this switching operation, we observed an extinction ratio exceeding 30 dB, a switching power less than 90 mW, and a switching response speed less than 100 μs using a 1 × 2 optical switch with an 85 × 30 μm2 footprint.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalIEICE Transactions on Electronics
VolumeE90-C
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan

Keywords

  • Integrated optics
  • Lightwave circuit
  • Optical device
  • Optical waveguide
  • Si wire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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