Should increasing the dose or adding an AT1 receptor blocker follow a relatively low dose of ACE inhibitor initiated in acute myocardial infarction?

Tadashi Sugie, Yutaka Kagaya, Morihiko Takeda, Hirokazu Yahagi, Chikako Takahashi, Jun Takahashi, Mototsugu Ninomiya, Jun Watanabe, Ryo Ichinohasama, Fumiaki Tezuka, Kunio Shirato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Based on currently available clinical evidence, we should use high-dose angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) for patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), initiating it at incremental doses to avoid excessive hypotension. Recent animal studies with acute MI models failed to demonstrate the superiority of the combination therapy of ACE-I and angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) to high-dose ACE-I treatment with comparable blood pressure reductions, which however might be attributed to the initiation of the targeted doses from the beginning. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of increasing the dose of ACE-I with that of adding ARB following a relatively low dose of ACE-I on the survival and left ventricular (LV) remodeling after MI. Methods: Rats underwent left coronary artery ligation and were treated with either ACE-I temocapril (5 mg/kg/day) or vehicle for 2 weeks, which was initiated 3 days after the surgery. The rats treated with temocapril were further randomly assigned to receive either high-dose temocapril (10 mg/kg/day) or combination therapy (temocapril 5 mg/kg/day+olmesartan 2.5 mg/kg/day), which was continued for another 6 weeks. Results: Both treatments similarly reduced the blood pressure, improved survival and ameliorated LV enlargement. In contrast, several parameters of LV function were significantly ameliorated only by the high-dose ACE-I but not by the combination therapy. Conclusions: After the initiation of a relatively low dose of ACE-I in acute MI, increasing the dose of ACE-I or adding ARB may equally improve survival and LV remodeling in the setting of an equal hypotensive effect. Further study with a longer treatment protocol is required to determine whether the several favorable effects on LV function elicited only by the high-dose ACE-I treatment provide further beneficial effects on survival and LV remodeling compared with the combination therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-620
Number of pages10
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jun 1

Keywords

  • ACE inhibitors
  • Infarction
  • Remodeling
  • Renin angiotensin system
  • Ventricular function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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