Short-term outcomes of colorectal stenting using a low axial force self-expandable metal stent for malignant colorectal obstruction: A japanese multicenter prospective study

Takashi Sasaki, Shuntaro Yoshida, Hiroyuki Isayama, Akiko Narita, Tomonori Yamada, Toshiyuki Enomoto, Yorinobu Sumida, Rika Kyo, Toshio Kuwai, Masafumi Tomita, Rintaro Moroi, Mamoru Shimada, Nobuto Hirata, Yoshihisa Saida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

(1) Background: Endoscopic colorectal stenting with high technical success and safety is essential in discussing the oncological outcomes for the management of malignant colorectal obstruction. Mechanical properties of self-expandable metal stents are usually considered to affect clinical outcomes. (2) Methods: A multicenter, prospective study was conducted in Japan. A self-expandable metal stent with low axial force was inserted endoscopically. The primary endpoint was clinical success, defined as the resolution of symptoms and radiological findings within 24 h. Secondary endpoints were technical success and adverse events. Short-term outcomes of 7 days were evaluated in this study. (3) Results: Two hundred and five consecutive patients were enrolled. Three patients were excluded, and the remaining 202 patients were evaluated. The technical and clinical success rates were 97.5% and 96.0%, respectively. Major stent-related adverse events included stent migration (1.0%), insufficient stent expansion (0.5%), and stent occlusion (0.5%). No colonic perforation was observed. There were two fatal cases (1%) which were not related to stent placement. (4) Conclusions: The placement of self-expandable metal stents with low axial force is safe with no perforation and showed high technical and clinical success rates in short-term outcomes for the management of malignant colorectal obstruction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4936
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Axial force
  • Malignant colorectal obstruction
  • Safety
  • Self-expandable metal stent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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