A highly time-resolved high-frequency/high-field W-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) (ν ~ 94 GHz) is a powerful technique to determine small g anisotropies of transient paramagnetic species. We applied this method to studies of the lowest excited triplet (T1)3ππ* states in metal complexes such as a platinum (Pt) diimine complex and metal (Zn and Mg) porphines in rigid glasses. From the analyses of time-resolved EPR spectra, g anisotropies were obtained as gz = 2.0048, gx = gy = 2.0035 for Pt(b-iq)(CN)2 (b-iq = 3,3′bi-isoquinoline) and gz = 1.9968, gx = gy = 2.0022 for zinc tetraphenylporphine (ZnTPP). No measurable anisotropies were found for magnesium (Mg) TPP. The g values of the Pt complex are larger than ge (=2.0023, g value of free electron) and that gz of ZnTPP is smaller than ge. These results were interpreted in terms of the nature of the perturbed states: the higher triplet ππ′* state mixes with T1(ππ*) via spin-orbit coupling in ZnTPP. In contrast, the higher triplet dπ* state is involved in this coupling for the Pt complex. Thus, the nature of the perturbed state can be distinguished from the anisotropic g values of the T1(ππ*) state.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics