Shell colour diversification induced by ecological release: A shift in natural selection after a migration event

Shun Ito, Takahiro Hirano, Satoshi Chiba, Junji Konuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ecological release is often attributed to the rapid adaptive diversification of phenotypic traits. However, it is not well understood how natural selection changes its strength and direction through the process of ecological release. Herein, we demonstrated how shell colour of the Japanese land snail Euhadra peliomphala simodae has diversified via a shift in natural selection due to ecological release after migration from the mainland to an island. This snail's shell colour diversified on the island due to disruptive selection after migration from the mainland. We used trail camera traps to identify the cause of natural selection on both the mainland and the island. We then conducted a mark–recapture experiment while collecting microhabitat use data. In total, we captured and marked around 1,700 snails on the mainland, some of which were preyed upon by an unknown predator. The trail camera traps showed that the predator is the large Japanese field mouse Apodemus speciosus, and the predatory frequency was higher on the mainland than on the island. However, this predation did not correlate with shell colour. Microhabitat use on the island was more extensive than on the mainland, with snails on the island using both ground and arboreal microhabitats. A Bayesian estimation showed that the stabilizing selection on shell colour came from factors other than predation. Our results suggest that the course of natural selection was modified due to ecological release after migration from the mainland, explaining one cause of the phenotypic diversification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15534-15544
Number of pages11
JournalEcology and Evolution
Volume11
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov

Keywords

  • colour diversification
  • disruptive selection
  • ecological release
  • land snail
  • mammal predator
  • mark–recapture
  • stabilizing selection
  • trail camera

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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