Sheared flows and small-scale Alfvén wave generation in the auroral acceleration region

K. Asamura, C. C. Chaston, Y. Itoh, M. Fujimoto, T. Sakanoi, Y. Ebihara, A. Yamazaki, M. Hirahara, K. Seki, Y. Kasaba, M. Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Coincident particle and optical measurements from the Reimei spacecraft suggest that sheared flows through an inverted-V arc may be unstable to the emission of Alfvén waves. The particle measurements reveal time dispersed field-aligned electron bursts typical of low energy electrons accelerated by inertial Alfvén waves (IAWs). These Alfvén wave accelerated electrons are embedded within multi-keV inverted-V electron structures. The optical measurements at the footprint of the inverted-V structures reveal counter propagating and folded/vortical discrete auroral forms moving with speeds of ̃14-18 km/s. We show that the flow shear inferred from this motion exceeds that required for instability to the emission of Alfvén waves on scales of the order of an electron inertial length. The emission of these waves provides a likely means for driving the low energy dispersed electron bursts we observe.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL05105
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar 16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sheared flows and small-scale Alfvén wave generation in the auroral acceleration region'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Asamura, K., Chaston, C. C., Itoh, Y., Fujimoto, M., Sakanoi, T., Ebihara, Y., Yamazaki, A., Hirahara, M., Seki, K., Kasaba, Y., & Okada, M. (2009). Sheared flows and small-scale Alfvén wave generation in the auroral acceleration region. Geophysical Research Letters, 36(5), [L05105]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL036803