Shear bond strengths of orthodontic plastic brackets

G. Guan, T. Takano-Yamamoto, M. Miyamoto, T. Hattori, K. Ishikawa, K. Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the shear bond strengths of plastic brackets and the influences of the bracket filler contents on the bonding. The shear bond strengths of 4 plastic brackets (Spirit; Spirit MB; Clear Bracket; Aesthetic-Line) bonded to enamel with 4 orthodontic adhesives (Orthomite Superbond; System 1+; Transbond XT; and Kurasper-F) were compared with the strength of a conventional metal bracket. The findings of this study indicated the following: (1) shear bond strength of the 4 plastic brackets was significantly lower than that of the conventional metal brackets (P <.05), with most of the values ranging from 3 MPa to 6 MPa; (2) when comparing the bond strengths of plastic brackets, Aesthetic-Line had the largest value followed by Spirit MB, Spirit, and Clear Bracket, and when the plastic brackets were bonded with Orthomite Superbond, they showed relatively stronger bond strengths than when bonded with the other adhesives. Clear Bracket showed relatively lower values especially when bonded with System 1+; (3) the application of primer did not increase the durability of the bond strengths when bonding Spirit and Clear brackets; and (4) fillers contained in each plastic bracket ranging from 9.18% to 19. 52% were fairly well distributed and showed the same morphology of a fiber type 10 microm in diameter with different lengths. The filler concentration tended to correlate with the bond strength. The exposed fillers on the bracket base surface may play a more important role in plastic bracket adhesion than the macro-morphology of the base surface.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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