A UV excitation by a picosecond pulse at 266 nm induced an unusual shoulder on the v CO = 1 ← 0 resonance peak of CO/Ni(111) monitored by sum-frequency generation (SFG) of visible and IR pulses. The observed line shape was reproduced by the use of a dipole-dipole interaction model with the coherent potential approximation (CPA) where the hot band transition with a population ratio of 0.3 to 0.7 (v = 1 to v = 0) was assumed. Neither the transition to the two-phonon bound state nor the coupling with the low-frequency phonon modes explained the observed changes. The shoulder appeared only during the UV excitation, which indicated that the electronically driven excitation, presumably by the hot electrons generated by the irradiation, dominated the process. As possible mechanisms, the involvement of an intermediate negative ion resonance state and/or the non-adiabatic coupling of electronic states with C-O stretching mode were considered.
ASJC Scopus subject areas