Seyfert-type dependences of narrow emission-line ratios and physical properties of high-ionization nuclear emission-line regions in Seyfert galaxies

Tohru Nagao, Takashi Murayama, Yoshiaki Taniguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to examine how narrow emission-line flux ratios depend on the Seyfert type, we compiled various narrow emission-line flux ratios of 355 Seyfert galaxies from the literature. We present in this paper that the intensity of the high-ionization emission lines, [Fe VII]λ6087, [Fe x]λ6374, and [Ne v]λ3426, tend to be stronger in Seyfert 1 galaxies than in Seyfert 2 galaxies. In addition to these lines, [O III]λ4363 and [Ne III]λ3869, whose ionization potentials are not high (< 100eV), but whose critical densities are significantly high (≳ 107 cm-3), also exhibit the same tendency. On the other hand, the emission-line flux ratios among low-ionization emission lines do not show such a tendency. We point out that the most plausible interpretation of these results is that the high-ionization emission lines arise mainly from highly-ionized, dense gas clouds, which are located very close to nuclei, and thus can be hidden by dusty tori. To examine the physical properties of these highly-ionized dense gas clouds, photoionization model calculations were performed. As a result, we find that the hydrogen density and the ionization parameter of these highly-ionized dense gas clouds are constrained to be nH > 106 cm-3 and U > 10-22, respectively. These lower limits are almost independent both from the metallicity of gas clouds and from the spectral energy distribution of the nuclear ionizing radiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-645
Number of pages17
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Galaxies: Active
  • Galaxies: Nuclei
  • Galaxies: Quasars: Emission lines
  • Galaxies: Quasars: General
  • Galaxies: Seyfert

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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