Sex-Based Discrimination Trends in Japan, 1965-2005: The Gender Wage Gap and the Marriage Bar

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    This chapter describes sex-based discrimination trends in Japan and proposes hypotheses that might explain these trends. Section 2 briefly describes the official statistics that provide the source of the data analyzed throughout this chapter. Section 3 describes trends in Japan's gender wage gap from 1965 to 2005, demonstrating that the gender wage gap has dramatically decreased although not disappeared. To explain this development, it proposes a hypothesis that highlights the effect of educational attainment on wages. Section 4 compares the proportions of full-time or regular employees who are unmarried women and married women, analyzing the difference between these two proportions during this time period. The results suggest that the marriage bar remains a source of sex-based discrimination. Section 5 discusses the research that is necessary to improve understanding of sex discrimination in Japan.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDiscrimination in an Unequal World
    PublisherOxford University Press
    ISBN (Electronic)9780199866144
    ISBN (Print)9780199732166
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep 1

    Keywords

    • Japan
    • Married women
    • Sex discrimination
    • Single women
    • Wage gap

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Sciences(all)

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